What is Needed For a Wooden Fence?

It is a good idea to check with your local codes or homeowner's association requirements before starting your wood fence project. Also, contact your "Call Before You Dig" number to ensure that there are no gas or water lines running in the area you are planning on building the fence in.


If you're planning to build your own wooden fence, you'll need a few basic supplies. First, make sure you've checked with local ordinances to ensure you can build the fence in your yard. Also, check with your local "Call Before You Dig" number to determine if there are any underground utility lines you may run into during the construction process. Finally, get a building permit if necessary.

Once you've got all of the essentials, start constructing the fence posts. Generally, you'll want to set these posts in the ground about four meters apart and then position intermediate posts every two meters along your fence line. Using a string and a level to mark your fence line is a good idea. This will help you ensure the posts are straight and that all of your measurements are correct.

Next, prepare the posts for the rails by drilling holes in them at the appropriate heights for your desired fence height. Most wood fences use a rail on the top and bottom, although some people choose to add one in between. The wood used for these rails should be pressure treated to prevent rot. Common choices include ponderosa pine, lodgepole pine, and aspen.

To install the rails, attach them to the posts with 1-5/8" exterior wood screws. For the gate, you'll need two screws per gate picket and three screws in the diagonal brace. When the gate is complete, screw it to its hinges using lag screws.

To finish your fence, consider adding a kick board or cap board. These are 2×6 or 2×8 slabs of wood that run along the base of your fence, protecting it from mud and rainwater and giving it a more finished look.


Posts are the backbone of any fence and help support the weight of the wooden pickets. They are usually made of 4X4 southern yellow pine or cedar and can be treated with chemical preservatives to protect against rot, termites, and other insects. Fence posts can also be decoratively capped with post caps and finials to transform the look of your yard and add an extra measure of safety and security.

Before digging the holes, mark the fence line with string and stakes to indicate where the posts should be placed. Typically, you want to space the posts no more than eight feet apart. This will allow you to create a solid and secure fence without leaving any long spans that require additional posts for support.

Once the post locations are marked, dig holes using a post hole digger. The ideal size of the hole will depend on your location, but you should aim to bury at least one-third of the post below ground. To make this process easier, consider renting a power auger for your project.

After the holes are dug, tamp down and level the soil around each post site to prepare for concrete. If you plan on pouring concrete, brace each post with a stake, then set it in place and fill the hole with concrete. Let the concrete dry completely before removing the stakes.

To prevent rot, treat wood posts with a commercial preservative like CCA (chromated copper arsenate). This product will help to repel insects and fungi that can cause damage to the wood. If you prefer a natural, aesthetically pleasing finish for your wooden fence, consider using a protective wood stain that is water-resistant.


Whether you are planning on building a wood fence or hiring Wooden Fence NJ to do it for you, there are several important components that make up the finished product. Understanding what each part does can help you determine how to best construct your fence and ensure it is sturdy and safe for use.

Posts and rails are the vital structures that keep your wooden fence standing upright. They must be firmly rooted in the ground and able to withstand extreme weather conditions. For this reason, they should be made from a strong species of wood that can resist rot and insect damage. In addition, a proper coating of wood preservative can add longevity to the posts and rails of your fence.

Before installing any of these structural elements, it is crucial to check the ground for buried utility lines. If you encounter any, it is recommended that you call the local “Call Before You Dig” number and request a line locater to avoid damaging any pipes or cables that may be underground. Once the ground has been cleared, you can then start digging holes for your posts. Use a post-hole digger to dig a hole that is square and at least 2 feet deep. Once the posts are in place, brace them with stakes until they are set.

Once the posts and stakes are in place, you can start adding the rails. The rails should be evenly spaced between each post and can either run the length of the fence or be used as a partition between two yards. Before attaching the rails, it is a good idea to use a builder’s line to ensure that all of the posts are at an equal height above the ground.

Post Supports

Aside from the pickets and rails themselves, post supports are another essential element of a wooden fence. These are used to hold the posts in place, and if you’re building your own fence, it is important to consider these carefully before starting work on the project.

First of all, decide how long you want your fence to be and mark out the position of each post on the ground. It is important to make sure that all posts are evenly spaced and that they are located on your property line. This will help prevent issues such as being built on your neighbour’s land.

Once you have marked out the locations of all the posts, it is time to dig holes. Make sure that the holes are deep enough to bury at least a third of the post underground. You should use a post hole digger to create these holes. Once the holes have been dug, add a post anchor and screw it into place.

Before adding the post anchors, check that the posts are straight using a level. Make sure that the posts are also at an equal height from one side to the other. This will help your fence stand up to the elements and be more durable.

When choosing the type of post you’re going to use for your fence, choose pressure treated wood. This will give your fence a better chance of standing up to the harsh weather that you may be living in. It is worth spending a little more money on the materials because it will quadruple the lifespan of your fence. It is also recommended that you use galvanized nails for your construction as these will be rustproof and won’t corrode.


When it comes to wood fence gates, the options are nearly endless. The key is to choose a gate that matches the style of your home and blends in with your surrounding landscape. This will help create a cohesive look that complements your home and gives the area a finished feel. Depending on the type of wooden gate you select, you can also add embellishments such as metal or ironwork accents to provide a more contemporary look.

Before beginning the construction of a wooden fence, it is important to obtain the necessary permissions and property easements from your neighbors. This will prevent the potential for conflicts or disagreements in the future. In addition, you should research the best materials for your specific environment. Choosing a wood that is naturally resistant to rot and insect infestation will ensure a longer lifespan for your fence.

Once you have determined the height and style of your wooden fence, it is important to mark the locations for the posts using a tape measure and marking spray paint. This will help you get accurate prices when it comes time to buy the materials.

Depending on the location of your wooden fence, you may need to brace the posts with boards and stakes before pouring concrete to ensure stability. This step is especially important if you live in an area with a lot of rain or harsh sun. It will not only make your wooden fence look sturdier, but it will also quadruple the lifespan.

When purchasing wooden fence materials, always choose a rot-resistant species such as cedar, cypress, teak, or mahogany. Avoid pressure-treated lesser woods that require toxic on-site treatment and transfer preservatives to the groundwater and soil.

It is a good idea to check with your local codes or homeowner's association requirements before starting your wood fence project. Also, contact your "Call Before You Dig" number to ensure that there are no gas or water lines running in the area you are planning on building the fence in. Pickets If you're planning…